Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim reporting. Accordingly, certain notes or other information that are normally required by GAAP have been omitted if they substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in the Company’s annual audited consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in connection with the Company’s audited financial statements and related notes as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“Annual Report on Form 10-K”). Results of operations reported for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. In the opinion of management, the Company has made all adjustments necessary to present fairly its condensed consolidated financial statements for the periods presented. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Company’s financial statements have been prepared under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and discharge of liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of Canoo Inc. and its subsidiaries. The Company’s comprehensive loss is the same as its net loss. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in the consolidation.
Except for any updates below, no material changes have been made to the Company’s significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Retroactive Application of Recapitalization
The Business Combination on December 21, 2020 was accounted for as a recapitalization of equity structure. Pursuant to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”), the Company retrospectively recasted the weighted-average shares included within its condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Legacy Canoo redeemable convertible preference shares – Angel Series (“Angel Shares”) and Legacy Canoo redeemable convertible preference shares – Seed Series (“Seed Shares”) were converted to Legacy Canoo A series redeemable convertible preference shares and later were exchanged into Legacy Canoo ordinary shares. The basic and diluted weighted-average Legacy Canoo ordinary shares are retroactively converted to shares of the Company’s common stock (Common Shares) to conform to the recasted condensed consolidated statements of stockholders' equity (deficit). The following table summarizes the weighted-average Common Shares, basic and diluted for the three months ended March 31, 2020 after factoring all retroactive application of recapitalization.
Beginning in the first quarter of 2021, there has been a trend in many parts of the world of increasing availability and administration of vaccines against COVID-19, as well as an easing of restrictions on social, business, travel and government activities and functions. On the other hand, infection rates and regulations continue to fluctuate in various regions and there are ongoing global impacts resulting from the pandemic, including challenges and increases in costs for logistics and supply chains and intermittent supplier delays. The Company has also previously been affected by temporary facility closures, employment and compensation adjustments, and impediments to administrative activities supporting its product research and development.
Ultimately, the Company cannot predict the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company will continue to monitor macroeconomic conditions to remain flexible and to optimize and evolve its business as appropriate, and the Company will have to project demand and infrastructure requirements globally and deploy its workforce and other resources accordingly.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company applies the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which provides a single authoritative definition of fair value, sets out a framework for measuring fair value and expands on required disclosures about fair value measurement. Fair value represents the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company uses the following hierarchy in measuring the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, focusing on the most observable inputs when available:
Valuation techniques used to measure fair value must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The following table summarizes the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as required by ASC 820, by level, within the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):
As described in Note 9, the Company has a contingent obligation to issue 15.0 million shares of the Company’s common stock to certain stockholders and employees (i.e., the Earnout Shares). Upon the occurrence of a bankruptcy or liquidation, any unissued Earnout Shares would be fully issued regardless of whether the share price target has been met.
The Earnout Shares are accounted for as a contingent liability and its fair value is determined using Level 3 inputs, since estimating the fair value of this contingent liability requires the use of significant and subjective inputs that may and are likely to change over the duration of the liability with related changes in internal and external market factors. The tranches were valued using the Monte Carlo simulation of the stock prices based on historical and implied market volatility of a peer group of public companies.
Additionally, as described in Note 11, the private placement warrants that were outstanding were converted to public warrants on March 2, 2021. The private placement warrants are accounted for as a liability and its fair value is determined using Level 2 inputs, since the Company’s public warrants are actively traded and the Company’s private placement warrants have terms and provisions that are identical to those of the public warrants.
Following is a summary of the change in fair value of contingent Earnout Shares liability and private placement warrants liability for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands).
Earnout Shares Liability
Private Placement Warrants Liability
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef